Nephrotic syndrome and its treatment

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Nephrotic syndrome is an autosomal recessive gene-related disorder. It is a condition that can cause the release of too much protein called albumin into the urine. The baseline is both kidneys are damaged in this condition. In this condition, the glomeruli stop functioning properly. Glomeruli are small blood vessels that are coiled together and these coils filter the substances from the blood into the urine.

Nephrotic syndrome

Some of the symptoms that a child with this condition faces are:

  • Tissue swelling
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Decreased appetite
  • Foamy urine
  • Weight gain
  • Less urine
  • High levels of protein in the urine
  • Increased cholesterol level in blood

Cause of this disorder

Most of the time this disease occurs for no known reason but there are some cases where this disease gets inherited by a child through an autosomal recessive gene. A child gets both genes from parents who are carriers of the disease.

Nephrotic syndrome


Usually, treatment is given based on the symptoms of the person and their severity. The person might need to stay in a hospital during the first episode of nephrotic syndrome in case the condition is severe.

Some medicines can be used like Corticosteroids, Diuretics to reduce the swelling Immunosuppressives, etc but these medicines weaken the immune system hence making the individual vulnerable so consultation with a doctor is suggested before giving the medicine.

On the positive note, this condition may improve on its own and with treatment, once a child reaches teenage the syndrome stays in remission that is the symptoms might decrease or go away.


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